General

Bernese mountn dog toowoomba

Bernese mountn dog toowoomba

Bernese mountn dog toowoomba

The Berner is a breed of dog originating in the cantons of Bern and Fribourg in Switzerland. The breed is recognised by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), the United Kennel Club (UKC) and the American Kennel Club (AKC). The breed is rsed and used in Switzerland and parts of Europe, especially France, and it is used as a working dog, primarily for herding. It is noted for its intelligence and obedience, and its willingness to work in any climate. It is generally accepted that the dog was brought to Switzerland by French soldiers and that it has a history of close association with France.

History

The Berner Dog is the national breed of Switzerland. It was originally bred in Switzerland in the 16th and 17th centuries for herding, guarding, and police work. The breed is a working breed used in Switzerland for farming, forestry, police work and other jobs. It is generally accepted that the breed was brought to Switzerland by French soldiers.

The first Berner Dog Club was founded in Bern in 1846. The Berner Dog Club of France was founded in 1898. The Club International de la Berner Dog (CIBD) was established in 1934. The Berner Club de France was created in 1966. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) was founded in 1955. The Club Caninique Berner (CCB) was formed in 1976. In 1991, the Club International de la Berner Dog (CIBD) became the Berner Club de France (BCF). The Berner Club of America was founded in 1981. The AKC recognised the Berner Dog in 1996. In 2002, the Club Caninique Berner (CCB) became the Berner Club de France (BCF). The American Berner Club was founded in 2006. In 2009, the United Kennel Club (UKC) recognised the Berner Dog.

Appearance

Size and weight

The standard Berner Dog weighs between 20-45 kg (44-99 lb) and the average height is to. Males are usually taller than females. The head is very large, square and long, with a wide, flat skull, and a small, well-arched, black nose. The ears are triangular and are placed at the side of the head. The tl is usually docked in the Swiss and some European Berner, but not in the UK Berner. There are no dewclaws, and the toes are slightly curled. The Berner Dog has a short coat that is hard and wiry, and sheds minimally, but does not require dly brushing.

Color

The Berner Dog is almost always bay, black, chocolate or gray, but any of these colors may be seen in varying shades. The tl is naturally a solid, black, black with or without a black tip, or solid brown. The head is white or tan and the eyes are hazel. The eyes may be dark or pale, brown or golden, amber or golden.

Color in general can be misleading and should be considered only as a guide to breed. In some dogs the coloration can be affected by both genetics and environment. Dogs with the same breed and sire (father) and dam (mother) can have different coats and colors, or even have no coat at all.

The Berner is often confused with other similar looking dogs such as the Maltese and the Doberman. The Berner can be easily differentiated by a lack of white at the chest, the longer head with an arched skull, the longer, tapered tl, and by a lower standing height. The Maltese is generally smaller with a longer head, a shorter tl and a tl not docked, the Doberman is stockier and heavier in build, and the Pug has a longer snout and is not generally considered a working breed. The Pembroke is a Welsh Corgi with a longer head and less white on the chest.

Tl

In general, the Berner Dog is docked by about one quarter of its tl length (3 to 6 ,cm). The tl is naturally a solid, black, black with or without a black tip, or solid brown. The ears are triangular and are placed at the side of the head. The toes are slightly curled.

Coat

The Berner has a wiry, harsh, medium length double coat that sheds minimally. It is considered to be underwooled, and the undercoat is not felt or touched. The coat is not soft, and does not require brushing. The double coat consists of an outer layer of short hr and an inner layer of long, dense hr. The outer coat is usually hard and wiry, and the inner coat is soft and silky. This double coat has three different growth stages (winter, summer, and autumn), and sheds minimally in winter, and much more in summer and autumn. This outer coat has three different growth stages: winter, summer, and autumn. The winter coat usually matures in mid-winter, but the summer coat matures at the end of summer. The summer coat begins to appear in late spring. The autumn coat appears at the beginning of autumn and lasts for 6 to 8 weeks. In winter the outer coat sheds minimally and the inner coat sheds more, but in summer and autumn, the outer coat sheds less and the inner coat sheds more.

In the winter the outer coat is dense and short, and has three distinct coats: short, soft, and dense, and longer, harsh, and less dense. It sheds only a little in autumn, and little or not at all in summer. The summer coat is a short, soft, dense coat. It sheds a lot in autumn, and a little in summer. The autumn coat is long, harsh, and less dense than the summer coat, and has a silky feel.

Temper